We're here to nurture, encourage and support people all over the world to achieve greater economic literacy and rights. We believe it's through literacy that the world can be changed.
What really is money in the world today?
Where does money really come from?
How do banks and debts, in reality, basically work?
Basic economic literacy reveals a world of opportunity for all. And it sets the record straight about money, banks and all this global debt.
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What is money? And where does it come from?
What is money? And where does it come from?
To answer this, let's start by looking at what money is not.
Although people often think of money the way they think of gold or silver, it's easy to see that money is really not made from any precious materials. It's true that coins are often made to look like gold and silver, but that's really only for effect. In reality, not only is money not made of precious materials, most money isn't made of any materials whatsoever; most money doesn't exist in physical form at all.
Most money is just numbers in accounts within the banking system. They really are just numbers; there are no corresponding piles of notes or coins, or gold or silver, being kept in vaults. The numbers are all there are. The question, then, is what are those numbers? What are they measuring and where do they come from?
The numbers measure a legal 'title' or 'claim'. Someone who has money has a measured claim within society. And that means society itself, or some part therein, has a corresponding debt to that person. It can be difficult to grasp at first, but money measures out the two sides of a legal relationship: on one side claims, on the other side debts.
That's why we say money is debt. Like any debt, money has two sides: someone who owes and someone who is owed. Money exists as a record of a debt; it comes into being when someone goes into debt and remains in existence only for as long as the debt remains outstanding.
You may know that money is 'creditary', or 'promissory' or like an IOU ("I promise to pay the bearer..."). These words all describe the same thing, the debt-based nature of money: a legal relationship with a debt on one side and a claim on the other.
This is a reciprocal system in which money exists only to occupy the space between giving and receiving. And it is a truly ancient foundation for trade. Money comes into being when somebody makes a 'promise to reciprocate' (i.e. takes on a debt) and will cease to exist again when the debt/money is repaid.
Economists call this 'endogenous' money creation or "money creation by banks". What it means is that banks create the money we need 'on demand', simply by recording our debts into being. We, then (and in fact our governments too), do not actually 'lend' or 'borrow' other people's money in order to facilitate debt. And it is for that reason that everyone's access to money should be interest free.
In our world today, almost nobody could have a home if it weren't for financing and debt. So debt is very important to us. Many people every day use debt to buy a home; they take out a mortgage. If you were selling your house and I needed a mortgage to be able to buy it, where would that money come from?
My bank would create that money, simply as a deposit in my account, when I ask for it, when I sign myself into a mortgage agreement and into debt.
And when that new money is transferred to you, you will be the holder of that many new claims within society. I will be the holder of the exact same amount of new debt. (But I will also now have the house.)
Those numbers (see image →) were created during the process and they are money. The idea that money should somehow be different to that, that money should be physical, or that someone should have to root around to find some already-existing money to 'lend' to me is, by comparison, very backward and very problematic. Not only would it be inconvenient and very expensive, it would set up some of the most corrosive relationships that have ever existed within society.
Creating money on demand cleverly solves many of the most important problems in finance. The one problem that remains, however, is that most people don't understand it. And that has given opportunity to bad faith actors to make others believe they are borrowing other people's money and should pay interest on it.
And the same thing is happening with public debts too. Governments also "borrow" money into existence and record it as a debt with interest due. This results in large, expensive national debts which undermine public services and which taxpayers pay heavily to service because they don't know they shouldn't have to.
In practice, major financial operations like banking could never operate on physical notions of money and actual lending and borrowing. Money will inevitably resolve to its most efficient form: simply numbers created 'on demand' to record who owes and who is owed.
For that reason, the 'debt-based' nature of money is just a simple practical reality. But, as you've seen, it also offers us our greatest opportunity for economic justice and economic rights. It is through this type of money that we all share a common platform upon which our debts and our trades are facilitated, not by lending and borrowing, but by simply recording numbers into and out of existence on paper or on a computer screen.
And that really does mean most of our debts should be interest free. The money we already have really should support a very different type of economics, very different economic relations and very different economic outcomes, all around the world.
Money should work much more for everyone. Money can and should be at the foundation of all people's real economic rights. Every person, as well as every government, should have a democratic relationship to money and access to money on democratic terms, free of unnecessary lender-borrower relations and free of interest.
Basic Economic Literacy
Covered in these slides are the basic components of our basic economic literacy - the 'abc' of economics. You can read deeper into the subject on the next page of the website, but I hope you now have a better idea of what money really is, where it really comes from and how banks and debts, in reality, basically work. We all have the right to understand, to be taught, those things.
If you have children, download our short, 3-workbook series 'Welcome to the Fascinating World of Money'. Download from:
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You saw that money is deeply associated with debt, that money naturally and inevitably resolves to debt, because debt is the most efficient way to occupy the space between giving and receiving.
And because we facilitate debts by creating money 'on demand', rather than by lending money that belongs to other people, access to money should be available to all at the minimum possible cost. In most circumstances that would be 0% + competitive fees.
But you've also seen that a powerful profit motive exist to pass this process off as the "lending" and "borrowing" of other people's money - a narrative that justifies interest taking and has, unfortunately, come to define financial services all over the world.
These lender-borrower relations now dominate both the private and public sectors of most, if not all, countries. Just as banks create money as 'loans' for households and the wider private sector, so too do banks create money as 'loans' for nation states.
We now have a window into the very heart of finance and the global economy. What we see are structures that are very undemocratic and structurally unfair, but we can also very easily see the way to change it, the way to a better world, with far greater democratic and human rights for all.
Real Rights Real Change
3 simple demands that have the power to change the world:
Basic economic literacy as a child's educational right.
Debt and interest free national public currency creation.
Interest free access to money for all households and all governments.
Help us promote them. And if you patronise good causes we'd love it if you'd patronise ours too.
If you have children, download our short, 3-workbook series:
There are more free resources on the next page for looking deeper into the fascinating subject of money.