Welcome to the Fascinating World of Money
We're here to make up for those vital lessons we all missed out on at school and set the record straight about money, banks and all that global debt.
You'll discover why so much of what we hear about money is untrue, that money is in fact a social technology and that we create it 'on demand'. Some of the most elementary observations we can make in monetary economics therefore are:
Every country should have a democratic, debt-and-interest-free national currency base.
All households and all governments should have access to money, to legitimate debt, interest free.
Help us campaign for the basic economic literacy that will ensure that.
Flick through the slides below for a brief introduction to the subject. There's more throughout the rest of the site.
This part may be easier to read in landscape.
What is money? And where does it come from?
What is money? And where does it come from?
To answer this, let's start by looking at what money is not.
Although people often think of money the way they think of gold or silver, it's easy to see that money is really not made from any precious materials. It's true that coins are often made to look like gold and silver, but that's really only for effect. In reality, not only is money not made of precious materials, most money isn't made of any materials whatsoever; most money doesn't exist in physical form at all.
Most money is just numbers in accounts within the banking system. They really are just numbers; there are no corresponding piles of notes or coins, or gold or silver, being kept in vaults. The numbers are all there are. The question, then, is what are those numbers? What are they measuring and where do they come from?
The numbers measure a legal 'title' or 'claim'. Someone who has money has a measured claim within society. And that means society itself, or some part therein, has a corresponding debt to that person. It can be difficult to grasp at first, but money measures out the two sides of a legal relationship: on one side claims, on the other side debts.
That's why we say money is debt. Like any debt, money has two sides: someone who owes and someone who is owed. Money exists as a record of a debt; it comes into being when someone goes into debt and remains in existence only for as long as the debt remains outstanding.
You may know that money is 'creditary', or 'promissory' or like an IOU. These words all describe the debt-based nature of money: a legal relationship with a debt on one side and a claim on the other.
This is a reciprocal system in which money exists only to occupy the space between giving and receiving. This is a truly fundamental (and ancient) foundation for trade. Money comes into being when somebody makes a 'promise to reciprocate' (i.e. takes on a debt) and will cease to exist again when the debt/money is repaid.
Economists call this 'endogenous' money creation or "money creation by banks". What it means is that the banking system creates the money we need 'on demand'. None of us, nor our governments, are 'borrowing' other people's money when we go into debt. While we may pay a competitive fee, access to money should be interest free.
In our world today, almost nobody could have a home if it weren't for financing and debt. So debt is very important to us. Many people every day use debt to buy a home; they take out a mortgage. If you were selling your house and I needed a mortgage to pay for it, where would that money come from?
My bank would create the money that I need, simply as a deposit in my account, when I ask for it, when I sign myself into a mortgage agreement and into debt.
And when that new money is transferred to you, you will be the holder of x amount of new claims within society. I will be the holder of the exact same amount of new debt. (But I will also now have the house.)
Those numbers (see image →) were created during the process and they are money. The idea that money should somehow be different to that, that money should be physical, or that someone should have to root around to find some already-existing money to 'lend' to me is, by comparison, very problematic. Not only would it be inconvenient and very expensive, it would set up some of the most corrosive relationships that can exist within society.
There's nothing wrong, fundamentally, with the way this system works. It's really how it should work. The problem is that most people just don't understand it. Wealthy elites know they can tell the rest of us that we're "borrowing" other people's money and that we'll pay lots of money in interest because we believe we should.
That is true with respect to both household debt and public debts too. Governments are also "borrowing" money into existence and recording it as a debt with interest due. This results in large, expensive national debts which taxpayers are servicing because they don't know they shouldn't have to.
In practice, major financial operations like banking could never operate on physical notions of money and actual lending and borrowing. Money will inevitably resolve to its most efficient form: simply numbers created 'on demand' to record who owes and who is owed.
For that reason, the 'debt-based' nature of money is just a simple practical reality. But, as you've seen, it also offers us our greatest opportunities for economic justice and economic rights. It is through this type of money that we all share a common platform upon which our debts and our trades are facilitated, not by lending and borrowing, but by simply recording numbers into and out of existence on paper or on a computer screen.
And that really does mean most of our debts should be interest free. The money we already have really should support a very different type of economics and very different economic relations all around the world.
Money should work much more for everyone. Money can and should be at the foundation of all people's real economic rights. Every person, as well as every government, should have a democratic relationship to money and access to money on democratic terms, free of unnecessary lender-borrower relations and free of interest. Human Rights demands it.
Basic Economic Literacy
Covered in these slides are the basic components of our basic economic literacy - the 'abc' of economics. I hope you now have a better idea of what money really is, where it really comes from and how banks and debts, in reality, basically work. We all have the right to understand, to be taught, those things.
If you have children, download our short, 3-workbook series 'Welcome to the Fascinating World of Money'. Download from:
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You saw that money is deeply associated with debt, that money naturally and inevitably resolves to debt, because debt efficiently occupies the space between giving and receiving.
And because we facilitate debts by creating money, rather than lending money that belongs to other people, access to money, for both households and nation states, should be interest free. (Banks can charge competitive fees, like everyone else.)
But you've also seen that a powerful profit motive exist to pass this process off as "lending" and "borrowing" - a practice that has, sadly, come to define financial services all over the world.
These lender-borrower relations now dominate both the private and public sectors of most, if not all, countries. Just as banks create money as 'loans' for households and the wider private sector, so too do banks create money as 'loans' for the world's governments also.
We now have a window into the heart of global finance and economics. What we can see are structures that are anti-democratic and structurally unjust. We can see much more of why economies all over the world are home to great inequalities and are buckling under the weight of so much unnecessary debt. From here we can easily imagine a better world, with far greater democratic and human rights for all.
Real Rights Real Change
We promote 3 simple things, because they have the power to change the world:
Basic economic literacy as an educational right.
Debt and interest free national public currency creation.
Interest free access to money, to legitimate debt, for all households and all governments.
If you'd like to see the world change too, then please help us promote them.
If you have children, download our short, 3-workbook series: